Interview to Bruno Moretti: A radio telescope on the far side of the moon

julio 14, 2010 | By More

Project presented to the United Nations on June 10th, 2010.

The astronomer Dr. Bruno Moretti Turri, radio amateur IK2WQA, is pioneer on SETI@home and distributed computing outreach in Europe,  he is also the director of SETI ITALIA “G. Cocconi” and responsible of the SETI section of FOAM13 Astronomical Observatory, in Tradate, Italy. exclusive interview. >> Spanish version.

El astrónomo Bruno Moretti Turri y el telescopio T65, 650 mm f/5 del Observatorio Astronómico FOAM13.

What is SETI ITALIA “G. Cocconi”?

As our brother BOINC SETI Chile, SETI ITALIA “G. Cocconi” is an association of scientific and distributed computing, in collaboration with many universities and research centers worldwide. The name is attributed to Italian physicist Giuseppe Cocconi, author with Philip Morrison of the first scientific article about the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, published on September 19, 1959.

What are the activities of the Astronomical Observatory FOAM13? What are your future projects?

As Science Didactic Center we offer many lessons and lectures to schools and to general public, with astronomical observations of our sun with our Solar Tower and the starry sky with our telescopes. Our scientific work is to study the Sun and search for asteroids (especially NEO) and comets. My dream? The project TEOSETI, Tradate European Optical SETI, that we are evaluating  in collaboration with the Lick Observatory in California and the Keck Observatory in Hawaii Islands. Furthermore, under the leadership of physicist Dr. Giuseppe Savio, head of the astronomy section of our Centre, we are planning to build a radio telescope array using interferometry with 10 antennas of 3 meters.

What are the biggest problems in radio astronomy?

The largest optical telescopes and astronomy itself, become “blind”  because of light pollution caused by wasteful and irrational use of public lighting, which has been protected in the darkest places on Earth, like the Atacama Desert in Chile and the Hawaiian Islands. Radioastronomy doesn’t have that possibility, since its birth has been afflicted by growing human radio interference (RFI, Radio Frequency Interference) from the ground, aircraft and satellites. This problem is increasing and, according to radio astronomers, within the next 30 to 40 years radiotelescopes will be “blinded” almost entirely and also an eventual space telescope in orbit around the Earth, which would suffer the same problem. Fortunately, Mother Nature has given us a moon that always has a face away from Earth, i.e. naturally radio-protected from human interference with respect to the geostationary satellites.

El "Radio Quiet Cone" (Cono de radio quietud) sobre la cara oculta de la Luna, donde se calcula una disminución de la interferencia de radiofrecuencia (RFI) debida a las actividades humanas > 100 dB. (Cortesía de Claudio Maccone)” width=”648″ height=”154″ /></a></p>
<p>In the far side of the Moon, where there is no atmosphere and ionosphere, in the crater Daedalus, our descendants can build a radio telescope (or an array of them) free of human radio interference, whether to continue the search for radio astronomy – impossible on Earth in the future- or to try to reduce the cosmic background noise to receive the weak signals from possible extraterrestrials civilizations (SETI, Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence).</p>
<h2>What can be done to protect the face of the Moon and the <em>Radio Quiet Cone</em> for future colonizations?</h2>
<p>This problem has been studied by my friend Claudio. Dr. Claudio Maccone Ph. D. is a research scientist (mathematical physicist), co-chair of <a href=SETI Permanent Study Group of the International Academy of Astronautics, Project Manager “Lunar Farside Radio Lab” and an honorary member (Ad honorem) SETI ITALIA “G. Cocconi”.

On June 10th in Vienna (Austria) Claudio officially presented on behalf of the International Academy of Astronautics, the Project UNCOPUOS, (United Nations COmmittee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space), of  UNOOSA (United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs).

The PAC project, (Protected Antipode Circle), requested that an important area of the far side of the moon and the radio-quiet-cone that dominates it,  has radio-peculiar physical characteristics, to be declared “World Heritage” and preserved by international treaties, before the colonizing assault of the Moon from private companies and emerging countries to be made in the upcoming decades.

PAC,  is the red circle (1,820 km in diameter on the surface of the dark side of the moon) that Claudio Maccone offers to be reserved only for scientific purposes and protected, among with the radio-quiet-cone that dominates it, of human radio interference. (Courtesy of Claudio Maccone).

An oblique view from southwest of Daedalus crater on the far side of the moon, photographed in July 1969 by Apollo 11 spacecraft in orbit mole. Daedalus is located at 179 degrees east longitude and 5.5 degrees south latitude and has a diameter of 80 km. This is the crater proposed by Claudio Maccone in 2005 to IAA, International Academy of Astronautics and in 2010 the United Nations as the best location for Lunar Farside Radio Lab the future radio telescope or array, on the dark side of the moon. (Photo courtesy: NASA).

This, is the PowerPoint presentation by Claudio Maccone (in English) that has been used to illustrate his proposal to the United Nations in Vienna and has kindly made available.

United Nations Claudio Maccone Power Point presentation: Proposing a new radio-quiet zone on the Farside of the Moon.

Very interesting! Any greetings to the Hispanic community readers?

I have a tremendous love and respect for culture and Latin American people! I climbed the Chimborazo, Cotopaxi and many other mountains of the Cordillera of the Andes. I hope to go to Chile next year! And give a big hug to Tiare!:  “With my feet on the ground and my eyes on the stars” …

Claudio Maccone, Hans de Ruiter, Paola Parma, Bruno Moretti Turri IK2WQA, Stelio Montebugnoli, Seth Shostak, Giuseppe Macalli y Roberto Crippa under the VLBI of 32 meters of the radiotelescopes INAF-IRA of Medicine (BO) Bigger view.

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Estudiante de Ingeniería Comercial, atraída por la fotografía, radioafición, economía y divulgación científica.

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